The imagery in this poem helps to describe a picture in the readers mind so that the reader can sympathize with the speaker during his journeys into the past. In the first stanza, in the first line, the first image is of a woman. In the fourth line the reader learns that this woman is the speakers mother. The third line shows an image of a child sitting under the piano . . . pressing the small, poised feet of a mother who smiles. This image gives the reader an image, perhaps of a parlor room, of a child about three or four years of age enjoying the music produced by his mother. The love of the mother shines through her smile as she reciprocates to the childs gentle touch.
Later, in the second stanza, the contrasting image of a cold, snowy night in the winter and the cozy parlor causes the hymns to seem doubly warm. This represents the traditional image of a grand family sitting around a warm, crackling fire; they sing carols together and just enjoy each others company. The piano in the first and second stanza is described as tingling strings and tinkling piano respectively. These light sounds help support the warm cheery atmosphere during that time. These memories are what cause the grown man to be nostalgic for his past.
The diction and tone of the poem also show the authors mixed feelings in the poem. The poem begins with the line, softly in the dusk to open the poem with a light, airy image. Vista of years, are words used to show his nostalgia as he walks down memory lane. He remembers the boom of the piano, which would seem loud to a child who is four-years-old. In the second stanza, he is a little more negative about his memories. The song he is listening to betrays me back. He feels that these memories should not be felt with such emotion because they cause him to weep as he reluctantly returns to his past. The last line of the poem is also negative as the speaker breaks down and goes down the flood of remembrance. He again flows down the flood reluctantly into the past. The tone is quite the same, supporting the diction that the author remembers a happy past, but is reluctant in continuing to do so. He is happy to remember his past, but he feels his manhood is cast down.
This poems structure and rhyme help bring an organization to the way the speaker shares his mixed feelings. The lines are coupled so that every two lines rhyme. The poem is structured so that in each of the three stanza the author describes an image of the present in the first two lines, and then the last two lines are spent describing his comfortable past. The second line of each stanza speaks of the vehicle that sends him back to the past while the third line of each stanza shows his increasing distress. In the first stanza its the singing woman that takes him down the vista of years. Next, the song takes him to the old Sunday evenings at home. Finally, the great black piano reminds him of the past.
The continuing conflict of the speakers emotions is described as he enjoys his memories, yet he despises his continuing nostalgia.