If gold mine leaks cyanide or other heavy metals, these chemicals can react with water and produce acidic water. Fishes and water plants are can get damaged owing to this acidic water. Nicholas asserted in Dirty Gold The toxic bullet had been a cyanide spill from a gold mine in Baia Mare, northern Romania. It has left a legacy of dead rivers and polluted lands as a cruel (n. d. ). Therefore leak risk of a gold mine must be at least level for the continuation of the life circle around mine. Secondly, earth life is affected seriously from gold mining. Gold minings first effect on earth is deforestation.
Some forests which exist on valuable area in terms of gold are destructed to construct gold mine. World Rainforests Movement Report emphasized that for biodiversity and big area of comparatively untroubled forests, mining is a main menace (n. d. ). Moreover most of gold mines dump its wastes to soil. After plants take mercury and other heavy metals from these wastes, these heavy metals damage all of food chain. According to No Dirty Gold people and animals get sick for generations due to byproduct as mercury and heavy metals coming from mine wastes (n. d. ). Finally, gold mining pollutes air owing to dust and vaporized chemicals.
Actually dust is a significant problem for all kind of subsoil mining. Process of ore acquires and transport creates a big dust trouble. Although a part of these problems solved with technological development, still gold mining produces a great deal of dust. Borkowski states that for people living close a gold mine after liquid waste dried in atmosphere, it can causes dust problem (2003). Also gold mining can pollutes the air with vaporized chemicals. Smelting is one of most important process of gold mining. During smelting process nitrogen and sulfur may react with chemicals which have been in air.
After this reaction nitrogen and sulfur mixes into the air. People and animals can take these harmful chemicals to their lung with breathing. After these chemicals get into the lungs people or animals have poisoning risk. In conclusion, water, earth and air are affected seriously from gold mining. If gold mining companies or governments cannot develop a method to solve these problems, they can enter irreversible way. Gold mines may be important opportunity for national economy, nonetheless if they damage environment they bring harm more than profit. Mining should be prevented if it damages to living beings health.