Introduction I. A hybrid car is a vehicle with more than one power source such as a small internal combustion engine and an electric motor. II. Most hybrids only use gasoline when needed. The electric motor, powered by a stack of rechargeable batteries, is the primary workhorse for propulsion under low-speed driving. III. When you think of a hybrid vehicle, you may find yourself thinking Toyota Prius. 1. Toyota Prius was the first mass produced hybrid vehicle. IV. According to Toyota Motor Corp. a hybrid system combines different power sources to maximize each ones strengths, while compensating the others short comings.
IV. Today I am going to inform you on the history about hybrid vehicle and explain the different hybrid platforms and how they work. Body I. The first hybrid vehicle was not the Toyota Prius, nor was it invented in the 2000s or even the 1990s. Although the many reasons that brought the hybrid vehicle into existence are similar to those living in the 21st century; ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) equipped vehicles were too noisy and produce too much toxic emission. 1. The first Hybrid Vehicle was brought forth by Viennese coach builder named Jacob Lohner.
Lohner turned to a young Austrian engineer by the name of Ferdinand Porsche. Lohner asked Porsche to incorporate his patent electric wheel-hub design into a Coach that belonged to Lohner. The result was the Lohner-Porsche Elektromobil in 1896. 2. Toyota launched the worlds first mass-produced hybrid vehicle, in Japan known at the Toyota Prius. A. over 37,000 sold in Japan before the vehicle was introduced to the U. S. Market in 2000. 3. Honda and Toyota both release their hybrid vehicles available to the U. S. Market. A. Honda released the 2000 Honda Insight in 1999. B. Toyota released their 2001 Toyota Prius in 2000.
II. There are two common types of Hybrid vehicle platforms, Mild-Parallel hybrid and Series hybrid. 1. A Mild-Parallel hybrid vehicle has an internal combustion engine that is equipped with an electric motor, both in parallel configuration, meaning they both provide propulsion to move the vehicle forward. This configuration allows the gasoline engine to be shut off while coasting, braking or being at a complete stop yet will restart with minimal delay. A. Some mild hybrids will also be equipped with regenerative braking that will essentially charge the battery packs under braking.
B. Mild hybrids are not capable of exclusively operating on the Electric motor. 2. A Series hybrid platform, sometimes referred to as range-extending electric vehicles (REEV) incorporate a configuration by design to be operated mostly by the battery, but will have an ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) to recharge the battery when enduring a long drive. B. Series hybrids only have electric motors to provide propulsion while maintaining an exceptionally high power to weight ratio providing enough torque over a broad range of speeds. C.
The gasoline engine drives an electric generator which charges the battery bank at which point the electric motor use the power from the battery bank to drive the vehicle. Conclusion In conclusion today I have informed you all about the first existence of the hybrid vehicle which was created by Ferdinand Porsche, known as the Elektromobil. The common types of configurations that are available, which include Mild-Parallel hybrid and Series hybrid vehicles. I hope you have found this information useful Prius a possible hybrid purchase in the future and an Insight to hybrid vehicles.
Works Cited Nice, Karim, and Julia Layton.
How Hybrid Cars Work 20, July 2000. FuelEconomy. gov < http://auto. howstuffworks. com/hybrid-car11. htm> Eng, Paul. How do Hybrid Cars Work? 1, October 2010. < http://abcnews. go. com/Technology/Hybrid/story? id=97518&page=1#. UVPJ9Fe1vpA> www. Toyota. com Prius 2013 2012. < http://www. toyota. com/prius/#! /features> Lampton, Christopher. What is the history of hybrid cars? 09 April 2009 http://auto. howstuffworks. com/fuel-efficiency/hybrid-technology/history-of-hybrid-cars. html Green, Hank. The Rise of the REEV January, 01 2008. < http://www. ecogeek. org/content/view/1298/>