The experience we gain is inevitable, whether good or bad. This is explained through two literary works: Thomas Hardys novel Tess of the dUrbervilles and Blakes two poems, The Lamb and The Tyger. In Tess of dUrbervilles, the innocent girl Tess gains experience by losing her virginity. By killing Alec DUrbervilles, her seducer, she loses her innocence completely and gains the experience of a criminal. She pays the price of experience by her death. Hardys inclusion of elements of coincident and fate and destiny shows the inevitability of such experiences and the resulting tragedy in the novel.
Blake in his poem The Lamb the meek and mild lamb is the symbol of innocence and Tyger in his poem The Tyger is the symbol of experience. Through these poems Blake wants to convey that innocence and experience are two contrary states of human soul with respect to creation. In Tess of the dUrbervilles, Tess is an innocent country girl who is unaware of the evils of society. Her parents as well do not advise her about the danger in men-folks so she is easily seduced by Alec.
Hardy writes: Why it is that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as a gossamer and practically blank as a snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive. Again, after her loss of virginity, she gains experience and matures as a woman, her beauty is enhanced. Angel notice her and they fall in love with each other. She enjoys happiness and bliss for the time being. His love for Tess is abstract, as he calls her Daughter of Nature or Demeter. Tess is more an archetype or ideal to him than a flesh and blood woman with a complicated life.
Therefore he cannot accept that Tess is not chaste, as a result he abandon hers. He realizes his mistake too late. She takes the aid of Alec after misfortune befell her family. She loses her innocence completely when she commits the crime of murdering Alec and as a result she is hanged. Hardys writing style of using elaborate descriptions, long sentences, elements of coincidence, fate and destiny shows Tess inevitable journey from innocence to experience and the resultant doom. In Blakes poem The Lamb, Lamb symbolizes Jesus and the child is also associated with Jesus.
So the lamb and child in Jesus symbolizes innocence. In The Lamb the style of repetition in the first and last couplet of each stanza helps to give the poem its song-like quality. The flowing ls and soft vowel sounds add to this effect, and also imply the bleating of a lamb or the lisping character of a childs song. In Blakes poem The Tyger, Tyger is the symbol of experience. It is strikingly beautiful at the same time undeniable because of the underlying evil and violence. To describe the Tyger, Blake uses the imagery of fire, which is destructive at the same time illuminating.
The Tyger presents evil in society, something that cannot be denied. The style of regular and rhythmic meter of the quatrains; its hammering beat suggests the work of the creator, which is the poems central image. Blake believed that a person has to pass through a state of innocence, the Lamb as well as understand the contrasting conditions of experience, Tyger, to reach a higher level of consciousness. Blakes vision of a creative force in the universe which makes a balance of innocence and experience is at the heart of the poem.
The two literary works Hardys Tess of dUrbervilles and Blake The Lamb and The Tyger show that Innocence and Experience, both exist in human life and society and experience is an essential part of human existence whether good or bad.
Work Citation: The Tyger. 8 October 2007. < http://www. cs. rice. edu/~ssiyer/minstrels/poems/66. html> Songs of Innocence and Experience: The Tyger by Blake. 8 October 2007.