Juno Beach stretches out from St.Aubin-sur-Mer on the east to Courseulles-sur-Mer on the west of France and both assault structures were positioned under the British First Army for the primary stage the Invasion of Normandy, which is called D-day (Vat). The third Canadian Infantry Division arrived at Juno Beach and stormed ashore only to be in front of furious German oppositions and mined obstructions along the beach. The military battled across the beaches and defeated the Germans. If not for firm leadership, clever organization, and rapid movement, the primary stage of invading Normandy may have never happened in such victory as it did.
On June 6th, 1944, the third Canadian infantry Division together with the second Canadian Armored Brigade, carry out the invasion of Juno Beach and managed to push inland further than any other allied force did on the first day of the Juno beach attack. Leadership The outstanding Canadian Armys leadership and courageousness is what played a vital role in securing a victory on the Juno Beach. One of the prominent personalities in the victory of the Canadian Army over the Juno Beach is Major General R. F. L Keller.
He was the commander-in-chief of Second Canadian armored Brigade and led them onto the shores of Juno Beach in Normandy, France (Fearn 58). He headed the careful consideration of the Juno beach assault and gave a great deal of planning and organization among his members so as to get hold of the Canadians objectives as recognized by the Juno Beach Center. Major-General Keller was admired by his troops, who respected his manners and outspoken language. On the other hand, a drinking problem and several violations of security measures prior to D-Day cost him the hostility of his superior officers.
He was injured by fire on August 8th, when US bombarded Canadian troops during Operation Tractable. Another outstanding combatant during that time is Lieutenant-General Guy Simonds. Simonds was a very notable Deputy for being one of the most exceptional thinkers in the Canadian army. His initial military combat experience was in the invasion of Sicily which fronts to the wars of Nissoria, Agira and Regalbuto (59). These battles gave way for his promotion to Lieutenant-General and General Officer Commanding of II Canadian Corps, which entailed rigorous training in preparation for D-Day invasion in Normandy.
He functioned as acting chief officer of the 1st Army, directing the Allied army to triumph in the Battle of the Scheldt. Simonds continued his control of the 2nd Canadian unit for the freedom of North-Western Europe in setting up the Kangaroo, a shatterproof troop shipper improved from non-functional armored automobiles. He also acted as the Commander-in-chief of the Royal Military of Canada. Bernard Montgomery considered him as being, among Canadians, the only General suitable to hold high command in battle.
Additionally, US General Omar Bradley regarded him the best of the Canadian generals and British General Sir Miles Dempsey the best of my Corps Commanders (60). Another important figure is British General Miles Dempsey, who was distinguished for his expertise in Combined Operations in Africa, Sicily and Italy. Due to his proficiency, Bernard Montgomery, his supervisor, appointed him to direct the British second army, which was made up of Canadian and British regiments. Under Dempseys command, the British second army had triumphant assaults on Gold, Sword, and Juno beaches in the Invasion of Normandy.
The aforesaid beaches were all designated to the British second army, under the supervision of General Miles Dempsey (61). Additionally, he headed the 13th Infantry unit of the British Force mission in France and together with other Allied forces, his unit was enforced to return to Dunkirk where it offered additional security for the mass departure. The main assault to impede German movements and facilitate expansion on the bridgehead was also headed by General Dempsey. General Henry Duncan Graham Crerar is no less than an illustrious soldier, as well.
He was a General throughout World War II, who directed several Canadian formations and divisions. In the first part of 1943, he was promoted to direct the Canadian Corps in the U. K and he took this formation to Italy in November of 1943 (62). Upon his return, he was ordered to be in charge of the same Canadian formation in the Invasion of Normandy. Because of his victorious leadership, he was promoted to Full General on November 21st of 1944. Organization The incident on Juno beach was an assault that required careful consideration and was given a great deal of planning and organization so as to get hold of the Canadians objectives.
According to McLaughlin, the assault on the beaches of Normandy were originally planned to be accomplished for June 5th, 1944, when the tides would be at their best behavior (14). However, because of bad weather and high tides, the invasion was held a day before the scheduled date. The five infantry divisions, two British, One Canadian and two American were appointed to beach code-named Sword, Juno, Gold, Omaha and Utah from East to West as stated by Rosenschein. Three allied airborne divisions were given the task to land ahead for the main assault to impede German movements and facilitate expansion on the bridgehead.
The British or Canadian airborne troops were assigned to land on the eastern end while the Americans airborne divisions were to land on the western side. The third Canadian infantry division was designated to land on Juno beach in brigades, which was supported by the second Canadian armor brigade. The two assigned brigades were to land on the initial assault followed by the reserved brigade, which was intended to move across the top lead brigades and move onto their main objectives. Rosenschein maintained that the original hour for the assault of 7th and 8th brigade was set for 7:35am and 7:45am.
Moreover, five minutes before the assault it was planned that the DD tanks would land to facilitate in clearing the path for the infantry. On H hour itself two LCT groups would land with tanks and armored bulldozers to clear the beach exits. The DD tanks were suppose to land on the beaches before the infantry divisions to help subdue German forces and give the Infantry divisions a protection. Since the waves were too high, the DD tanks were forced to land after the Infantry, where the Germans received the worst defeat of the day.
At first, the Canadian forces had been doing aerial bombings on Juno Beach beforethe actual planned schedule f D-Day but brought about no momentous harm to German troops. The Canadian Navy also ran bombardment, running from 06:00 to 07:30 and included everything from battleship barrages to fire from tanks and artillery on transport ship decks. This bombardment did little damage and only damaged 14% of the trenches guarding the shoreline and because of weather delays the Germans were able to re-equip and regroup with in the time of the delays.