Different with the habitual impression of the revolution, which is always full of battle, violence and gore, the nonviolent action costs less than the violent action and takes less risk based on mass supported. Hardy Merriman is Sr. Adviser of the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict, in his article, Agents of change and nonviolent(Merriman, 2008), defines the main concept about nonviolent action: nonviolent-action comes from agreement and obedience of people, what is the categories of nonviolent action, the reason why we reckon that the nonviolent action advance the violent action and he uses the U.S. Civil Right Movement and Indian Independence Movement to explain the plan of the nonviolent action. Muhammad Yunus is economist and Nobel Peace Prize recipient in 2006.
His article is focuses on specific field that is the use of nonviolent in local development, which means corporation. It is a specific nonviolent way to make change. The article contrasts the charity way with the violent way to the poor people to show us the advantage of nonviolent action. Jack DuVall is the founder of the International Center on Nonviolent. His article uses two examples, Lincoln and Gandhi, to elicit nine characters of a successful nonviolent action. The action should have a good leader with clear goals, broaden the scope of the movement, good analysis of the revolutionary situation, good risk-averse, persist the nonviolent way, courage from the enemy disintegrate, good manage of the material supply, compressive strength and ready for the challenge. For the three articles, there are 2 similarities among them; the first is that they all mention the requirement of the successful nonviolent action.
For the first article, Agents of Change and Nonviolent Action, Merriman refers that the successful nonviolent action should have an outstanding leader, who has benevolence. Even the leader should formulate a complete programme that can attract people to unite. The key role of the leader and the programme has been emphasized, that is same of the article, Outside View: Liberation by the People, which lists the nine categories of the leader: clear goals, broaden the scope of the movement, good analysis of the revolutionary situation, good risk-averse, persist the nonviolent way, courage from the enemy disintegrate, good manage of the material supply, compressive strength and ready for the challenge. From the background of these two authors, we can find out that both of them are in the International Center on Nonviolent and both of them mention that we should focus on that the successful nonviolent action should have the good leader and comprehensive plan.
Even the good leaders have some of the categories above that they are kind-hearted, have a good starting point that respect interests of the masses, if they use the violent way to make the change, the action still take more risks than the nonviolent action. That is the second similarity that both of three articles mentioned. For the first article, Merriman states that the violence action is base on using the force, and all the money and right concentrate on the leader and the only one way can restrict him is the rule. While, if he did not obey the rule, it will make the disaster result. On the contrary, nonviolent actions not only tell people that they are powerful, they demonstrate peoples power by setting clear, achievable objectives and then documenting and publicizing their victories. (Merriman, 2008)
That means the successful revolution cannot separate from the masses and take less risk by getting all people involve decision-making. As the social problems, like poverty issues, we should use the charity way that give the poor enough opportunities and that will get unimaginable feedback, from the second article, The Role of the Corporation in Supporting Local Development. As the political aspect, DuVall, in his Outside View: Liberation by the People, has mentioned that dictatorship and terrorism regime should be overthrown, while we should not counter violence with violence, and we should use the nonviolent movements to fight for our rights.
Because it takes less risk that it can avoid repeating the violence regime. In summary, base on the 3 articles written by Merriman, Yunus and DuVall, the nonviolent is the best way to people to fight for the right. From the economical aspects, it makes the profit maximization that poor people can get loan from the corporation to striving their lives and from the political aspects, mass people can participate in elaborating the formulation. Also with the support from the masses and the correct leadership of the good leader, the nonviolent action will take less risk than the violent action.
Merriman, H. (2008, April 8). Agents of Change and Nonviolent Action. Conservation Biology, 22(2).
Yunus, M. (2000). The Role of the Corporation in Supporting Local Development. Reflections, 9(2).
DuVall, J. (2004, September 22). Outside view: Liberation by the People. United Press International.