Osteoporosis Essay

Published: 2020-04-22 15:06:56
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Category: Osteoporosis

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This can be defined as an ailment whereby bones of human beings become generally weak to sustain support and strength. Osteoporosis is a state that describes depreciation of the standard compactness of bone. Osteoporosis can lead to formation of brittle bones. This disarray of the skeleton lessens the bone strength enhancing the risk of infringement of bones or bone fissure. Typical bone is a component of amino acids that is composed of peptide bond and collagen fibers and calcium. Bones affected by this calcium and phosphorus deficiency can break with only a slight shake up or injury unlike normal and healthy bones.

Areas where bones have joints such as backbone hips, and wrists are regular body parts affected by osteoporosis-related bone weakness. However, osteoporosis-associated fractures can occur in any skeletal bone area. Osteoporosis is a bone weakness whereby the bones of an individual start loosing strength due to lack of bone formation cells and supplements. (Ramesh Pappu, 2007 osteoporosis) Frequent exercise, especially on burden demeanor and great effort exercise, helps toughen bones. Therefore, if you do not do exercises on expected basis, one may increase the risk of increasing osteoporosis.

Chances of getting this disease increases especially when the person under the ailment does not get enough calcium based nutrients or vitamin D in the diet. This mostly happens when the victim has been lacking nutrients to supplement bone formation nutrients. It is good to note that these nutrients must be balanced in order to give in to a health and functional nutrients composition. Surplus of phosphorous in your meal and lack of calcium may increase the risk of getting osteoporosis if your calcium or vitamin D assimilation is not sufficient.

Excessive use of ethanol, coffee, or caffeinated tea might add to ones risk of getting osteoporosis, beside lack of doing exercises. Persons who do not do exercises frequently have a propensity to have weaker muscles and inferior balance diet, which can lead to falls and bone fractures. The main manifestation of osteoporosis is bone brittleness that can lead to abnormal fracture. This is because osteoporosis condition has no clinical symptoms. Only physical symptoms that emerge when one start breaking bones anyhow or fractures.

No wander, some osteoporosis fractures may not be detected until many years later. Therefore, patients may never know their fate until when they suffer the mal-deficient disease of breaking bones at minor shake up. Osteoporosis, the symptoms of osteoporosis and its consequences, Carolyn Janet (2007) Other symptoms include continuous back pain that worsens when one has fractured spinal chord. Strong bones determine the weight of an individual. Loss of weight over a long period and a stooping posture are some of the symptoms.

Minimal trauma fracture is another manifestation of osteoporosis whereby the patient develops stress bone rupture of the feet while walking or stepping off a curb. A slight fall can cause a hip fractures to an osteoporosis patient. With osteoporosis, hip fractures can occur with insignificant accidents. The main problem with osteoporosis is that the patient does not heal faster after operation repair due to poor bone quality. The main reason why people do not realize when they suffer the disease is due to confusing osteoporosis with arthritis.

Therefore, they wait for signs such as swelling and joint pain to occur before seeing a doctor. Kyphosis, which is hunchback manifestation of many aged women, sometimes referred as, widows hump is due to continuous effect of osteoporosis on the spinal column. Osteoporosis is classified into primary or secondary osteoporosis depending on the age when detected. Old people are highly affected both women and men. Women are mostly affected due to termination of estrogen hormone when they reach menopause.

This is because this hormone is usually vital in helping in bone firmness and formation. Beside that, women have less bone tissue than men do. Risk factors for women Reaching of menopause for women, increases chance of developing osteoporosis. Women are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis than men (Edward R. 2007) Actually, the risk of breaking bones increase considerably five to six years after attaining menopause. Although, early manifestation of osteoporosis in the spine, finger wrists and hip fracture might be early symptoms of osteoporosis.

Another feature that may increase the risk of getting osteoporosis includes Amenorrhea. This is termination of menstruation cycle before reaching menopause. Chances of increasing osteoporosis heighten when one misses menstrual periods for more than three months. Amenorrhea may occur when one fails to take in a balance diet. This causes eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia or lack of exercises. Risk Factors for Men Although men have, privileged bone density and lose calcium at a slower rate than women. They still suffer the harm. However, the aged may loose bone very gradually.

Risk factors for men bone loss include deficiency in testosterone hormone in aged men, advanced age, Hypogonadism that is a deficiency in the male sex hormone. Men, decrease of testosterone and to minor extent, estrogen, can lead to development of osteoporosis. (http://www. nof. org) Risk Factors in Both Sexes The probability factors for primary osteoporosis include the age of the victim, bone density, family background, body composition and height, hobbies and lifestyle, daily diet and access to vitamin D and sunlight. Women with small bones, bones with poor structures and density have an increased risk of getting osteoporosis.

Persons who are short, thin, with narrow hips are at increased risk of low bone density and fracture, hence more chances of osteoporosis. Lastly, certain diseases associated with bad habits or dietary increase chances of getting osteoporosis. For example, cirrhosis, kidney disease, scurvy and rickets increase those chances. Treatment for osteoporosis includes taking proper balanced diet with calcium and phosphorus well balanced. Taking vitamin D, doing exercises often increase bone density. This helps to prevent osteoporosis and to reduce bone loss.

Bad habits that lead to weakening of bone strength and structures should be stopped. Some of these habits include alcohol consumption and excessive smoking. Another method of preventing this disease is by taking supplements of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D. this may help maintain bone density. Limiting sodium and avoiding junk food. Again, Vitamin D aids in the absorption of calcium from the ileum. Reducing salt may be useful for osteoporosis patients. Magnesium, zinc, iron and vitamin E should be taken in large quantity. This is because they help during menstruation cycle to replace lost blood and iron.

Therefore, all food rich in the above-mentioned diets should be taken. This includes intake of milk or milk products, taking un-sifted maize flour and other cereals. Lastly, long-term use of glucocorticoids that are prescribed for a wide range of diseases can lead to a loss of bone density. Conclusion After analyzing the conditions for this disease, it can be concluded that a good balance diet and smart exercises mitigate the condition. Chances of getting this disease increases especially when the person under the ailment does not get enough calcium based nutrients or vitamin D in the diet.

This mostly happens when the victim has been lacking nutrients to supplement bone formation nutrients. Therefore, these nutrients must be balanced in order to give in to a health and functional nutrients composition. Surplus of phosphorous in your meal and lack of calcium may increase the risk of getting osteoporosis if your calcium or vitamin D assimilation is not sufficient. Excessive use of ethanol, coffee, or caffeinated tea might add to ones risk of getting osteoporosis, beside lack of doing exercises.

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