However, such situations occurrences are rare since market forces operate on survival for the fittest mode where sellers with poorer quality products are easily pushed out of the market. The criterion has major problems in articulating and therefore impossible to practice in most of the countries. Cost effectiveness is the mode of operation that compares the costs and the effects of several options to assume the option with the highest beneficial returns. It is the system that indicates the ability to employ the available resources using the available models to get the most satisfying result from it.
Though the term has often fueled controversy during application in different areas of specialty, the results are considered to bring the desired effects. Application in environmental resources management therefore indicates the overall ability to articulate the human needs and at the same time ensure that the systems have the ability to maintain these services provision for the later generations. Economically communities rely on this mode due to the ability to determine the expected results with great autonomy.
Local exploitation of these resources and later processing to raise their utility assists them in creating the best platform for their local peoples progress at all times. This has been linked to the flexibility of operations in production and marketing of the same produce. Application of the process therefore implies that the entrepreneur can assimilate better systems of production and outsource internationally to maximize the output. This has seen the private sector grow with speed in their overall capacity to exploit the resources and maximize the resultant output.
To add to that, it forms a major platform for amalgamation to raise the overall basement of returns by pooling the machinery to exploit the resources together. Non-economically, it is a major icon in establishing the main orientation of standards, progress demands and association to form the main operation format dictated and fetched from their business operations. Notably, society respects of the systems that are fully cognizant of its demands and shaped by its progress.
As indicated above, cost effectiveness denotes the immediate system that factors the production processes under the harmonic consideration of local processes that uses their systems to achieve the expected results. Holistically it derives and determines their identity. Question two The need for governmental policies in addressing environmental problems 1. Introduction Capitalism is the primary cause of environmental problems being experienced globally. Government policies are needed to deal with these problems locally and internationally.
Since the onset of the industrial evolution globally, degradation of environment was the order of the day in the unrestricted operations of the markets. It was not until the United Nations Conventions of 1972 and 1992 that recognition of integrity of the environment was made emphatic. Most of the developers view environmental resources as their main source of raw materials but are not ready to venture into sustainable operations. 2. The market ? Economic orientation (profit maximization) and lack of emphasis for resilience
Global environmental problems have mainly been caused by the market which have for a long time focused on economic returns without considering the ability of the same resources to sustain them. Capitalism dictates that the forces of demand and supply must be satisfied at any particular moment, a rule that has made resources to be exploited beyond their capacities to sustain intra and inter-generational equity globally. During the Rio summit on Environment and Development, Agenda 21 was derived on the basis of precautionary principle through recognition of market inability to control itself.
Most of the industries in the 21st century era of Globalization are driven by specialization that results to maximization of the profits which consequently increases their wastes and emissions. Regions with poor government application of regulative laws like Philippine and most of the Third world countries have massive levels of atmospheric, aquatic and terrestrial environmental degradation. ? Application of cost reduction systems model and less focus on the ecosystems
Globally, markets are based on the consideration that success is based on the capacity to harmonize the inputs and outputs to gain the controlling hand of resources. As a result economists see the costs used in reducing their wastes, emissions and the resultant impacts as the major road to cut their costs. Notably, the problems of global warming and water resources destruction has resulted from this ideology. Markets are not measured on the capacity to address the problems that face their sources of raw materials, but on how much they ere able to exploit and make from the resources.
Even with the presently heated revelation of the infinity nature of environmental-resources, most of the markets do not appreciate the need to conserve the environment. Over 90% of the oil exploiting countries and companies do not have resilience programs for their same resources. Companies with environmental programs like DELL Co Inc and Coca Cola are pushed to act in the same manner to please the consumers. It is a method of attracting the consumers and not attributed to addressing the major problems affecting the environment.