Rich Nations Obligation to Help Poor Nations Essay

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Inequality in development among different nations is related to different factors. There is always a concern among the rich nations to help develop the poor nations. Several efforts have thus been employed that are aimed at improving their state and making them self reliant. However, the question that has been raised is the extent to which poor nations will be supported. For how long will the rich nations offer their assistance before the poor nations grow to a level of which they will not need any help?

The disparity between the poor and the reach has continued to be evident over the years that make the rich nations wonder if poor nations are applying any efforts to come out of their situation. John Rawls idea on equality suggests that different classes of people are bound by certain agreements that they share. Rawls differentiates between people and states in that sovereignty is claimed by states. Power of a state is determined by their physical possessions that lie in their economy and military which places them in a certain capacity to influence other states, Cullet (pp 46 2003).

Their desire to gain control of certain states is motivated by some personal interests. In contrast to state sovereignty, people are guided by their moral standards which make them recognize the importance that lies in other people. When there is a sense of respect among people, it comes with a revelation that each person has a right to live in a free and just community. From this concept we realize that the power that the rich nations have makes the freedom of poor nations to be invaluable.

Equality and freedom can only be experienced by the poor nations if they are able to access the privileges enjoyed by their rich counterparts. Rawls believes that equality in the nations can only be obtained when everyone, regardless of their status will realize the important part that other individuals play in their life. Rawls suggestion of making the rich nations to whole heartedly help the poor nations is to surrender their sovereignty. He believes that as long as their strength is resting on their economy and military, they will never be able to recognize the needs of the poor nations.

Different societies have their own beliefs and will always fight to reach a certain destiny. Therefore, it may not be wise for any nation desiring to help another come up through selfish interest. Assistance will only bear fruit if the rich nations recognize the social values of others and purse to help them without necessarily influencing them into their ways. Rich nations are always in a habit of assisting poor nations by making them comply with their rules and policies. They usually take advantage of their helpless nature to impose some conditions that may be contrary to their culture.

The rich nations seen to ignore that fact that poor nations, as much as they desire their intervention, cherish their beliefs and are willing to do anything to maintain them. They are usually given two options of either surrendering them or maintain them but with no intervention. Such decisions may be challenging to them considering the intensity of their needs. In either way it is realized that their assistance is in vain, McNeill (Pp 4, 2009). Complying with their rules and interests makes the poor nations live under pressure as they are denied freedom to make their own decisions.

Rawls expresses his optimism for a just world where poor nations will be helped out of their oppressive states. The rich nations will empower them without necessarily having to change their cultural standing. Rawls is to the idea that the rich nations give a similar treatment to the people of poor nations just the same way they would do to their people at home. Nobody desiring to help their close friend will make them to comply with their conditions. It is an attitude that is in born where the helper may not care much how the resources are used.

His objective is that the person being helped is delivered from his greatest need. If a similar principle is applied by the rich nations to poor nations, there will be a satisfaction within them that their needs have been adequately met, Rawls (pp128, 1999). The possibility of justice being achieved among nations is a decision that lies in the citizens themselves. Satisfaction and freedom is an individual decision while justice lies in the power of the nation. Justice is determined by the various laws made by countries which are different.

Justice has its source from political leadership that serves as a basis of example to the rest. Since decisions are made basing on different perspective, another country can not be made responsible for the outcome of some decisions made. The rate of growth and development is determined by economic decisions that are made by a state. Therefore, it is the obligation of the poor nations to make decisions that will help boost their economic state. The rich nations can also play their part by helping the poor nations by influencing their decisions towards a better economy and providing them with such necessary resources.

The global market is controlled by rich nations which make the third world countries to be at a disadvantage. Economic decisions are mainly made to favor their states. This brings in the issue of exploitation where poor nations are taken advantage of. Rich nations that have expressed their interest to fund some development projects in third world countries mainly do that out of self interest. They may have discovered some value that will be derived by them assisting the nation in question. There is always a desire in any nation, whether it is developed or not, to reach a certain potential of growth.

No developed country will willingly invest its resources in another country without first assessing how they will benefit from the project, May (Pp 9 1997). Their decision to assist is solely made after assessing its benefit. Generally, it means that a developed nation will only feel obliged to intervene in development projects of other nations when it has an attractive reward. Considering this, third world countries that need an intervention from developed countries need to display their situations in a way that will suggest to them that the intervention will be rewarding.

Botswana is a nation that has experience growth in their economy since the discovery of diamond. It has earned a reputation in the global market and attracted trade partners who express their desire to purchase diamond. The diamond which is exported in its primary nature earns more revenue to the countries that buy and process it. After the awareness that the diamond mines will be exhausted, the country is investing its resources in infrastructure so that foreign investors are continuously attracted to their country.

The nation has realized that investors are only attracted to a place that has value, Vaughan (Pp 163, 2007). What continues to discourage the rich nations efforts to offer their support to the developing nations is the way the resources are handled. It is always their desire to see development in the poor nations. Most of the third world countries are governed by corrupt leaders who misuse funds that are meant to raise the living standards of their people. In conclusion, we find that development and growth of poor nations is mainly determined by the effort they personally apply to see them out of their situation.

No matter the kind of support they get from developed nations, it may never permanently solve their situation. It may only make them poorer as they are denied the ability to make and implement their decisions. The leaders on the other hand need to borrow some policies that were earlier used by the developed nations to get to the level which they are. This may involve sacrifice and dedication but when it is done, the change will be permanent. They should also utilize the harsh trade policies on the international market to think of a way forward.

All developed nations started from somewhere below and with dedication, the same can be achieved by third world nations.

WORK CITED Cullet P. Differential treatment in international environmental law: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. , 2003 pp46 May L. Liberty, equality, and plurality: University Press of Kansas, 1997, pp9 McNeill D. Global Poverty, Ethics and Human Rights: Taylor & Francis, 2009 pp4 Rawls J. The Law of Peoples: Harvard University Press, 1999 pp128, Vaughan S. Poverty, justice, and western political thought: Lexington Books, 2007 pp163

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