Lesson one (1) outlines the overall situation in Somalia. Locals seek to obtain money by any means necessary. Lesson two (2) of this article discusses the use of British, Indian, and Russian warships; they play a significant role in confronting the threat. Forging new partnerships enables nations to participate in capacity building, by sharing information, communicating or improving maritime domain awareness. Wilson makes an interesting point in Lesson four (4) when he explains Resolution 1846; it implores states to avail themselves to a 1988 maritime criminal law to prosecute pirates.
The SUA Treaty was also established to criminalize acts that jeopardize ships and their safe navigation. In the Fifth (5th) lesson of this article, common sense dictates that piracy can never fully be eradicated. In the article, Piracy in Somalia, Osei-Tutu, a Research Associate of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Center (KAIPTC) addresses the root causes of this piracy. She reminds us that even though piracy has a distinct pattern, the motives and values of pirates differ. The example she uses here is the use of navies to destroy safe havens and hideout, as well as prosecuting all pirates.
In this situation, piracy is an international concern, rather than a local affair. The writer talks about her sources in the majority of the article. She compares the opposing views of her references. For some, piracy is regarded more as a political issue. However, she states that the presence of a navy (never stating which navies) has failed to be adequate agents to defend against piracy. Osei-Tutu asserts that 1991 was the last year Somali was under a single government. The same year, the SSDF warned all illegal fishing vessels to cease their activities
She points out that NATO has also brought aid to Somalia. According to security and the international community, the greatest threat these pirates pose are international terrorism. This statement is based solely on the attacks and happenings. She explains her findings; I will discuss two of them. The writer states that attacks are becoming more widespread, and for larger ransom; they now hijack commercial ships. The delivery of food and its security are being halted until a state pledges to support and provide a navy for Somalia.
On other arising humanitarian issues, Citizens in Somalia who are a part of TFG, an effort to unite the state, are experiencing instability and security problems as a result of the piracy. The third article that I have chosen deals with analysis and comparison. Kaija Hurlburt of Oceans beyond Piracy assesses the crimes these pirates committed in 2011 in the first part of the article. Three thousand, eight hundred sixty three (3,863) seafarers were assaulted, one thousand two hundred six (1,206) were held captive. Thirty-five (35) of those hostages died. The support is limited in labor-producing countries, or countries that rely on labor.
The writer gives reason behind these attacks, such as the pirates basic ignorance of the workings of a ship. Pirates who got more information from a crew of seafarers treated the crew better than the crews would not give them information. Even though the article is full of statistics such as these, the risk is still elevating. Hurlburt states that the risk is affecting any individual or organization that comes to Somalia. The writer states that this piracy is not an acceptable status quo. Even the silent roles of the seafarers are invaluable to containing the threat.
This article gives recent information on the results of Somali Piracy so far. Contrary to previous articles I have researched, Jon Lunn, Senior Research Analyst in the United Kingdom Parliament, discusses the possible developmental effects of Somalian Piracy. He points out that these pirates are supporting al-Shabaab, an Islamist terrorist group. Conspicuous consumption of the ransom monies within Somalia dictate resource sharing. The writer states that Dr. Anja Shortland at Brunel University concludes that significant amounts of the ransom monies benefit casual labor and pastoralists in Somalia.
Satellite images map out the locations of the beneficiaries. Dr. Shortland argues that any military strategy to remedy the situation could slow economic development. The international community should not be discouraged to seek out land-based solutions. However, this would be unaffordable. It is slightly challenging to distinguish bias in the articles chosen. However, it is evident in the different approaches that the writers discuss. The fact that Brian Wilson is in the navy gives him access to more direct information than a Research Analyst would have.
Although this final paragraph is merely a reflection, it is important to recognize the facts of this conflict; one such being that the pirates have their own accountants. They lend money to businessmen, and run the economy of Puntland in the United Kingdom. Largely, my paper focuses on the impact of Somalian Piracy, and its cause and effect relationship. The stakes have proven high. Some action (Any action could result in irrational behavior), be it political or economic, is required. The fate of seafarers, ransoms, and individuals involved are on the line.