Summary of If Money Doesnt Make You Happy, Then You Probably Arent Spending It Right by Dunn, Gilbert, and Wilson
In the essay If Money Doesnt Make You Happy, Then You Probably Arent Spending It Right, Dunn, Gilbert, and Wilson explain why people often fail to make use of money even though it is a helpful tool to gain happiness and recommend eight useful ways to spend money that make people happy. Firstly, they claim that experiential purchases make people feel happier than material ones. In addition, experiences are more mentally revisited than things so they bring us happiness either when we use them or think about them. Secondly, people who spend money on others are shown to be happier than those people spending money on themselves. They point out that the quality of our social relationships is a strong determinant of our happiness (440) so the increase of connections with others will lead to the increase of happiness. Dunn, Gilbert and Wilson continue to suggest people to buy many small pleasures instead of few big ones (441) since adaptation to things is inevitable and people tend to take longer adapting to frequent small pleasures than infrequent large ones.
The article further states not to spend money on many extended warranties or overpriced insurances because they may be unnecessary for happiness and the return policies may actually undermine it (443). They go on claim that delay consumption promotes happiness in two ways that produce well-being and create uncertainty. Also, the authors state that think about what youre not thinking about (445), beware of comparison shopping (446), and follow the herd instead of your heart (447) will make people feel happy as well. They then conclude that if money cant buy happiness then the fault is ours (447). Summary of In Pursuit of Happiness by Mark Kingwell
Mark Kingwell in In Pursuit of Happiness illustrates the desire to understand happiness. He insists that it is hard to demonstrate what happiness is and no single answer is good enough (413). He also compares the tempting to find out the definition of happiness as a mugs game in which people is more likely to lose than win. The article further claims that another troubling problem in this case is ask yourself whether you are happy (414) since it is considered the source of unhappiness and confusion. These people oppose the pursuit of defining happiness by expressing a scientific authority that ones achievable degree of happiness is genetically determined (414). Therefore, they believe that basic genetic predisposition is the most important role in determining level of happiness. Mark goes on argues that genetic theories not only set the limit on how to answer the happiness question but also mark the end of rational human life (415).
Begley, Sharon. Happiness: Enough Already. Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Twelfth Edition. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York: Longman, 2012. 690 Dunn, Gilbert, and Wilson. If Money Doesnt Make You Happy, Then You Probably Arent Spending It Right. Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Twelfth Edition. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York: Longman, 2012. 690 Kingwell, Mark. In Pursuit of
Happiness Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum. Twelfth Edition. Laurence Behrens and Leonard J. Rosen. New York: Longman, 2012. 690