Par. 2 Supporters of television argue that ¦= educational (e.g. science, geography and history documentaries, news programmes, childrens programmes such as Sesame Street) ¦
* TV viewing is essentially a passive activity that discourages critical thinking indeed, most viewers (esp. children) watch television indiscriminately ¦ * Research suggests that TV can slow down young childrens speech development ¦ * A link between literacy problems and frequent TV viewing ¦ * Similarly, a link between TV and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) ¦
Par. 3 Those in favour of TV claim that ¦ = an innocent form of entertainment especially helpful for housebound elderly people and the physically handicapped ¦
On the other hand, ¦
* television interferes with conversation (visitors often end up staring at the box in the corner instead of chatting with their hosts) ¦. * Many programmes spread fear and depression by focussing on violence, war, crime and various disasters ¦ * Some evidence that seeing on-screen violence makes us less sensitive to the real thing ¦
Par. 4 Proponents of TV sometimes suggest that ¦ closes the gap between different nations and cultures (e.g. satellite TV news reaches people simultaneously all around the world) ¦ As a result, >>> greater cross-cultural understanding and respect ¦
* The satellite channels are controlled by powerful western corporations and the culture of the programmes is predominantly North American, European or Australian ¦ (Not an equal sharing of information, opinions or cultural expressions ¦) * Television is often used as a propaganda tool (e.g. coverage of the Gulf War or Afghanistan) ¦ * In a very subtle way, television encourages materialism people in developing countries develop a desire for Coca-Cola, Big Macs, fast cars and western fashions ¦
Par. 5 In conclusion, TV viewing
* accelerates the process of Coca-colonisation;
* destroys the art of conversation and a healthy, optimistic view of life; * and turns people into unthinking, illiterate couch potatoes.
Just as a drug addict must kick their habit in order to avoid an early death, so the world must switch off its TVs if it wishes to produce active, intelligent citizens!