V for Vendetta is a movie loaded to the top with messages, symbolism, underlying themes and inspiration placed through imagery. Vs mask represents a few things. On one level, it represents the concept of identity vs. the ideal. We never see Vs true face, and he instead adopts the mask as his true identity, abandoning the flesh and blood person underneath and becoming something bigger. Vs true identity is never revealed because it doesnt matter who he turned out to be he represents a greater ideal, and abandoning his individual identity underneath the mask is the embodiment of that. The mask also represents opposition and revolt, due to the origins of its design.
The mask is modeled after Guy Fawkes, who is known for attempting to blow up the British Parliament on November 5th, 1606. This also ties back to abandoning the individual behind a greater ideal Guy Fawkes comes to represent revolt in a larger sense, and the mask comes to represent Guy Fawkes. Finally, it represents becoming accountable for oneself and personal growth. Eveys transformation culminates when she dons the mask, transforming into the embodiment of something greater than herself.
The letter V appears extensively throughout the narrative and can be interpreted numerous ways, V is throughout the movie V, Evey(EV), Valerie etc. V is also the roman numeral for 5 the cell number V was in, as well as a symbol for 5th November. During the World War 2, V was used as the Victory symbol and morphed into the two fingered peace sign. Interestingly this is also linked into the music in the movie, during the explosions the music playing is Beethovens 5th Symphony 5th = V. This song was also frequently played during world war 2 as a symbol of peace and victory.
The meaning of the rose, V was allowed to tend the garden at Larkhill, where he grows roses, Beautiful roses. The scarlet carsons (kind of rose) were grown by the lesbian lover of Valerie, who wrote the autobiography on toilet paper that she passed to V during their incarceration. A quote from Valerie on the toilet paper was: But Americas war grew worse and worse and eventually it came to London. After that there were no roses anymore. Not for anyone. That autobiography inspired V to live without fear, and he used those flowers as a signature for the killings he committed as retribution for Larkhill.
The Gallery represents happiness; both its positive and negative qualities. On one hand, it is filled with cultures treasures, the best things human hands have crafted. V is shown to enjoy things like music, theatre, film, and art, and represents to the reader that the pleasures of life have their time and place and can be a positive influence on our lives. Happiness and complacency will stand in the way of greater, underlying problems getting solved. In short, the Shadow Gallery represents how happiness can be fulfilling and can also hold back greater change.
V for Vendetta can be related to Jose Rizals El filibusterismo. For V wanted justice, for he wants change and freedom for his country as Rizal wanted justice and change for his country, Philippines. V and Rizal were both bitter and not in favored at the government and religious sectors actions, they both suffered and witness the governments wrong doing and unequal judgement. Jose Rizal in El Filibusterismo aims at enlightening the society, at bringing the Filipinos closer to the truth. But whereas in the first novel, we are encouraged to ask and aspire for change and liberation, in this novel, the society is urged to open its eyes to reality and rebel against the Spanish government for its oppression and abuse. In El Fili, all the reader will feel is bitterness, hatred, and antipathy. The romance and aspirations are gone.
Even the characters personalities seem to have undergone radical change. This is how different Rizals second novel is. Considering that both were written by the same author, the plots are poles apart. Outright scorn and bitterness may already be felt at the beginning of the story, where Simoun promotes abuse and tyranny in the Spanish government, in the hope that the people will reach the limits of their endurance and declare a revolution. Simoun, who is actually Nolis Ibarra in disguise, conveys an entirely different personality in Fili. While Ibarra is trustworthy, aspiring, and loving, Simoun is now cunningly careful in his dealings, distrusting, and extremely bitter. Something changed in Rizal; and this is reflected in the personalities he gave his El Filibusterismo characters.
The difference between them is that V is more on actions he face the problems by doing things like bombing, killing, and really threatening the government head on. While Rizal wrote novels that inform the people on what is wrong with their country and using words to simply show the people the true meaning of freedom. V and Rizal both die achieving the freedom and change that they long wanted. V and Rizal wanted the people to know that People shouldnt be afraid of their government. Governments should be afraid of their people because the people own the government the government will be nothing without their people and that the government doesnt own the country, the people are the rightful owners of the country. People have their own rights, they deserve equal respect, and judgement.