Western Expansion Essay

Published: 2020-01-29 06:20:13
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Category: Native Americans

Type of paper: Essay

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Many atrocities happened while the white people tried to subjugate the Native Americans and near the 1900s several events happened that helped quell the Native American rebelliousness and help their assimilation into America. Some of these events were the Wounded Knee Massacre, the Battle of the Little BigHorn, Sitting Bull, and Cultural Assimilation. In June, 1976, the Sioux and the Cheyenne Indians held a sun dance. During the sun dance, Sitting Bull had a vision of soldiers and some Native Americans falling from their mounts. He inferred that it was a sign of victory for his people. Soon after the vision, the Sioux were victorious in battle.

This gave the Indians morale, for the next skirmish would be against General Custard in Little Big Horn. The Battle of Little Big Horn, began on June 25, 1876. Colonel George Custer attacked against his scouts warnings against a camp of Lakota Indians following Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse with 200 men. The Lakota Indians numbers were between 2000 and 3000, and they easily defeated Custards army that was physically exhausted prior to the battle. The Indians killed all 200 men, including Colonel George Custer himself.

Public outrage for Custers and his armys defeat led to the government sending many more soldiers to the area. The military forces harried the Indians since the battle in an attempt to force the Indians to surrender. On May 1877, Sitting Bull and some followers went across the border into Saskatchewan, Canada. The Lakota Indians stayed in exile for many years refusing a pardon. When they were in Canada, Sitting Bull met with the chief of the Blackfeet Crowfoot, long time enemies of the Lakota. Sitting Bull wanted to make peace their former enemies, and Crowfoot, who was an advocate of peace, accepted the peace offering. The Lakota Indians with Sitting Bull and nearly 200 other Sioux returned to the United States in 1881 to finally surrender.

Sitting Bull and his young son Crow Foot, named after Chief Crowfoot, surrendered to the commanding officer of Fort Buford. Two weeks later, the Army moved Sitting Bull and his Indians to Fort Yates, near the Standing Rock Agency. Sitting Bull and his remaining 185 people were kept separate from where others of his kind were gathered at the agency. The army was concerned that Sitting Bull would incite rebellion among the recently surrendered northern Indians, so the military decided to transfer him and his followers to Fort Randall, to be held as prisoners of war, where they were eventually returned to the Standing Rock reservation. Sitting Bull eventually was allowed to leave the reservation to join Buffalo Bill Codys Wild West show. Sitting Bull stayed with the show for four months before returning back to his reservation. During his employment, audiences began to consider him a celebrity and a warrior.

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