Winning the Peace in Iraq Essay

Published: 2020-04-22 15:06:56
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In The Iraq War: A Military History, published in 2003, Williamson Murray and Robert H. Scales had written that while the United States military excels at fighting a war, it does not necessarily know how to win the peace. In point of fact, both the Bush administration as well as the military had been unprepared for nation-building activities that must necessarily follow the fight. The solution lies beyond the national security structure that the U. S. appeared ready to build.

Hence, the Pentagon is examining new organizational as well as doctrinal alterations in order to solve the real problem that of ending all violence in Iraq by winning peace for the Iraqis (Murray and Scales, 2003). Another book published in the same year, Reconstructing Eden: a Comprehensive Plan for the Post-War Political and Economic Development of Iraq, stated that although power and drinking water are slowly being restored in the war torn Iraq, security is far too problematic.

The authors of this book suggested that the United States must help Iraq with economic reforms through the reconstruction as well as expansion of Iraqs oil sector. These changes in the oil sector should include, in the opinion of the authors, the remove of the country from OPEC so as to maximize the Iraqi production of oil, and the establishment of a new Iraqi National Oil Company with shares that would be distributed equally among all Iraqi citizens (White et al. , 2003). President Bush had been politically courageous at the time he launched Operation Iraqi Freedom despite world opposition (Gates, 2005).

What is more, the president of the United States had vowed to help Iraq reconstruct itself after the war. Seeing that Iraq has been through drastic changes in its political structure since March 2003 when the United States entered Iraq declaring war on Saddam Hussein it is only reasonable for the United States to continue helping Iraq reconstruct itself after the war. After all, the Iraqi government is new, and all of its operating systems have changed following the overthrow of Saddam. If United States were to withdraw its troops from Iraq at present, Iraqis would be virtually left in the lurch.

Even the stabilization of the new political system in Iraq would require a process of trial and error. The United States can help Iraq in this process by becoming its major stabilizing force in truth. Despite opposition, the U. S. Congress might as well go along with the presidents plan to continue the noble mission of helping Iraq. The Congress does have the power to help Iraq, contrary to the view of two-thirds of the Americans who believe that the U. S. military is incapable of putting an end to the violence in the war torn country.

Presently, the U. S. Congress cannot engage in a prolonged debate about whether or not to try to end U. S. involvement in Iraq. There is no time for such a prolonged debate, seeing that violence continues to increase in the war-torn nation. Instead of debating the issue, the U. S. Congress might decide to send more funding to aid the U. S. troops in Iraq.

To put it another way, the U. S. Congress, which declared war on Iraq, must now decide whether it is willing to do its utmost in helping Iraq recover. Increased aid will develop the U. S. militarys capacity in dealing with sectarian violence in the war torn country. Before the U. S. Congress acts on such a decision, however, it must identify the ways in which increased funding will be utilized by the U. S. military in stopping sectarian violence in Iraq. One of the ways identified is for the U. S. Congress to provide more funding for security in Iraq. The emphasis on security lacks a focus on violence. Seeing the continuing world- and American opposition to the United States involvement in building violence in Iraq, the U. S.

Congress might not want to provide more funding to end violence with more violence. Instead, the U. S. military, with additional financial support, is expected to work out ways to make Iraq secure from its own violence. The United States might also consider trying to send more aid into Iraq for education, given the fact that most of the world problems are initiated through illiteracy, and all kinds of violence in addition to terrorism, are caused by lack of education in the Third World and in the Middle East.

Through increased funding for education, including educational seminars providing a crash course to all on universal values such as those propounded by the United Nations the United States may be able to fulfill its goal to help Iraq by reminding the Iraqis of the universal human values, and their true feelings with regards to sectarian violence. After all, those who are engaging in sectarian and communal violence are doing so based on certain beliefs. Regardless of those beliefs, the fact remains that increased literacy can literally change the face of Iraq for the better.

Apparently, the current educational system in Iraq is not working to its capacity. In its effort to reconstruct Iraq and win the peace after all, the United States might seriously consider helping Iraq in this area with urgent measures. Iraq has been severely damaged by war, and its people are very unhappy about it. This adds to the chaos in the nation. While the new Iraqi National Oil Company is a good idea put forward by American writers, the United States is expected to do much more to end the civil war in Iraq.

The United States, therefore, might try and send more funds into Iraq to redevelop the damaged infrastructure of the war torn land. There are many poor and illiterate Iraqis whose attention may easily be diverted from sectarian and communal violence to the development of Iraq, provided, of course, that the United States begins to show how drastically it is actually trying to help the nation recover. In other words, additional funding from the United States might immediately be put to use in truly developing Iraq at this point.

Instead of simply standing by to fight violence with additional violence, Americans in Iraq might begin to seriously develop the war torn country without further delay. This should lead to a change in attitude among the disheartened and angry Iraqis, presently turning to increased violence as a means of voicing their grievances. Conclusion It is, indeed, the responsibility of the United States to help Iraq recover after its invasion in March 2003. Iraq has been introduced to countless changes in its systems and structures since that time.

Escalating violence continues to plague the country, and is expected to go on. Today, this violence is referred to as a civil war between the Shiites and the Sunnis of the nation. While the United States appears equipped to fight the agitators in Iraq, the country needs to change its strategies to eventually win peace, which would be the ultimate victory in Iraq. For this, the United States is required to help Iraq develop. In fact, the country cannot back out on its commitment to reconstruct Iraq.

By providing additional funding for security, for education, and for the development of infrastructure in Iraq, the United States can fulfill its commitment to reconstruct Iraq, and thereby win both the peace and the war.

Bibliography

1. Cornwell, Susan, Iraq in Turmoil, Reuters Foundation AlertNet (3 March 2007), http://www. alertnet. org/, Accessed 7 March 2007. 2. Eisenstadt, Michael. How to Prevent a Civil War; The Increase of Sectarian Violence in Iraq is Now a Greater Threat Than Insurgency. The Weekly Standard. 21 August 2006.

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